New technologies in electronics that will change our future

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As the name implies, new technologies are those whose developments and practical applications have not been widely implemented. They represent progressive developments in fields ranging from robotics and artificial intelligence to cognitive science and nanotechnology. In particular, the electronics industry plays a critical role in signal processing, information processing, and telecommunications. It deals with electrical circuits, which include components such as sensors, diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits. Simply put, it covers complex electronic instruments and systems such as modern laptops and smartphones.

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The first type of transistor was invented in 1947. Since then we have come a long way. One smartphone you use today contains over one billion transistors. This is just the beginning. Many revolutionary devices have yet to be invented. Let’s find out what the future (in electronics) can bring us.

Digital scent technology

Much research has been done on olfactory technology, which allows devices (or electronic noses) to recognize, transmit, and receive odor-enabled media such as audio, video, and web pages. The first odor extraction system called Smell-O-Vision was invented in the late 1950s. She was capable of emitting odors during the projection of the film in order to enhance the viewers’ experience.

Since then, many research institutions have come up with similar devices. One of them was iSmell, developed in 1999. It consisted of a cartridge with 128 odors, from which various mixed odors can be produced. However, due to certain limitations, the product was never put into commercial use. At CEATEC 2016, the company introduced a wearable fragrance device that can be controlled via smartphones and PCs. It still has many hurdles to overcome, including the time and distribution of fragrances, and the health risks associated with synthetic scents.

Thermal Copper Rack

A thermal Copper Pillar is a microelectric thermoelectric device used for packaging electronics and optoelectronics, such as laser diodes, semiconductor optical amplifiers, CPUs and GPUs. Nextreme Thermal Solutions developed this technology to integrate active thermal management functionality at the chip level. This method is currently being used by tech giants including Intel and Amkor to connect microprocessors and other modern chips to a variety of surfaces. As current passes through the circuit board, the heat bump draws heat and transfers it to another. This process is known as the Peltier effect, and this is how thermal shock helps reduce heat from electronic circuits. It acts like solid state heat pumps and adds temperature control features to the chip surface. Today’s thermal bumps are about 20 µm high and 238 µm wide (diameter). The next generation technology will reduce the height of thermal shocks to 10 microns.

Molybdenum disulfide

Molybdenum disulfide is an inorganic compound that is widely used in electronics as a dry lubricant due to its low friction and strength. Like silicon, it is an indirect band gap diamagnetic semiconductor with a band gap of 1.23 eV. Molybdenum disulfide is a common dry lubricant with particle sizes ranging from 1-100 micrometers. It is often used in the manufacture of efficient transistors, photodetectors, two-stroke motors, and universal joints. In 2017, 2D molybdenum disulfide was used to create a 1-bit microprocessor containing 115 transistors. It has also been used to make 3-terminal memtransistors. In the coming years, this connection could become the basis of all kinds of electronic gadgets

Electronic Textile

Electronic textiles (or smart clothes) are fabrics that are embedded with digital components and electronics to provide added value to the user. There are many other applications that rely on integrating electronics into fabrics, such as interior design technology. This type of technology is considered revolutionary because it is able to do several things that conventional tissues cannot, including conduct energy, communicate, transform, and grow. Future smart clothing applications could be developed to monitor health, track soldiers, and monitor pilots. Personal and portable physiological monitoring, communication, heating and lighting can all benefit from this technology. 8. Spintronics

Spintronics (or spin electronics) refers to the intrinsic rotation of an electron and the associated magnetic moment in solid state physics. It is very different from conventional electronics: along with the state of charge, electron spins are used to increase the degree of freedom. Spintronic systems can be used for efficient storage and transmission of data. These devices are of particular interest in the field of neuromorphic computing and quantum computing. This technology is also used in medicine (for cancer detection) and has great promise for digital electronics.

Nanoelectromechanical system

The nanoelectromechanical system combines nanoscale electronics with mechanical machines to form physical and chemical sensors. They form the next logical miniaturization step of the so-called microelectromechanical systems. They have incredible properties that pave the way for applications ranging from microwave resonators to chemical and biological sensors.

Molecular electronics

As the name suggests, molecular electronics uses molecules as the basic building block for electronic circuits. It is an interdisciplinary field that spans materials science, chemistry, and physics. This technology will enable the design of much smaller electronic circuits (at the nanoscale) that is currently possible using traditional semiconductors such as silicon. In such devices, the motion of an electron is determined by quantum mechanics. Although entire circuits consisting solely of molecular-sized elements are very far from being realized, the growing need for more computing power and the limitations of current lithographic techniques make the transition inevitable. Scientists are currently working on molecules with intriguing characteristics to achieve reproducible and reliable contacts between molecular segments and bulk electrode material.

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